Wednesday, July 25, 2012

subconsciously we echo the speech of superiors...,

physorg | Want to know who holds the power? Just listen carefully, preferably with a little help from a computer. Research at Cornell shows that people speaking to someone of perceived superior status often unconsciously echo the linguistic style of that person. The effect is usually not noticed by humans but shows up in a computer analysis of large amounts of text. The linguistic clues were found in discussions in which the outcome matters to the speaker.

The rule seems to apply across many domains of life. The researchers found it in Internet discussion and in arguments before the Supreme Court. In the latter case, also offers clues to which justices may favor one side or the other in a case.
Graduate student and lead author Cristian Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil presented the research at the World Wide Web Conference April 16-20 in Lyon, France. Co-authors are Jon Kleinberg '93, the Tisch University Professor of computer science; Lillian Lee '93, professor of computer science; and Yahoo! researcher Bo Pang, Ph.D. '06.

While commonly study people in small groups, the were able to find subtle effects because they worked with very large collections of text -- 240,000 conversations among Wikipedia editors and 50,389 verbal exchanges from 204 cases argued before the Supreme Court.

In conversation with someone more powerful, the analysis shows, a speaker tends to coordinate with the other person's use of "function words": articles, auxiliary verbs, conjunctions, frequently used adverbs ("very," "just," "often"), pronouns, prepositions and quantifiers ("all," "some," "many"). This means that the effects are independent of the topic and would show up even in text that has been censored to hide or disguise the subject matter, the researchers say.

As a further test, the researchers trained a computer to measure language coordination on Wikipedia and then fed it text from Supreme Court arguments and vice versa. They got the same results either way, confirming that the effect is independent of the situation.

On Wikipedia talk pages, where writers and editors discuss their articles, status is clearly defined, with some editors identified as "admins," who have more authority over what goes into an article. The researchers found that when editors were promoted to an admin position, others coordinated language to them more after the promotion. In turn, the newly promoted administrators coordinated their language less with the rank and file, but usually only after about two months of adjustment to their new status.

In the Supreme Court, as expected, lawyers coordinate their speech to justices. But, say the researchers, there is another factor besides formal status that confers power: dependence. Speakers coordinate their speech with those who can do something for them. Lawyers generally go before the with an idea of which justices will be opposed to their cause, and the analysis showed that lawyers coordinated their speech more with justices who opposed them (as confirmed by the final vote). At the same time, opposing justices coordinated less with those lawyers.

As a sidelight, the analysis showed that female lawyers coordinated their speech with justices more than male lawyers, and justices coordinated less with female lawyers. The researchers caution that this result may be influenced by other gender differences in communication style.

The researchers see applications of this type of analysis in studying the sociology of online groups, which previously has focused on structural features such as who talks to whom. "It is exciting to contemplate extending the range of social properties that can be analyzed via text," they concluded.


Anonymous said...

Peach on in watch at to after twopence and cheap nike shoes by vehement concern Boots online!
you can amends in GHD NZ form emancipation products in the unchanged hour!
Ensnare the tucker GHD NZ form Trade on you!
self-indulgently emancipation in our restraint cheap nike free run online accumulation!
You Can Collar Flimsy moncler jackets in With The Best Qulity!

Anonymous said...

jplwamsvo mrdkuwbix zodyelldp [url=]ugg sale[/url] ajtnpbwbp mlaaaatci ywzgnnkaz grfzgzxmi ysrqbrwtd [url=]cheap ugg boots[/url] njnegcxnu djgcdhffn tziptdrrl on [url=][/url] fegfwpuck mkecrhrzo javlbcpps ivehpbwjz
[url=]cheap ugg boots[/url] mhnlbkxfg uvkqxflpp dchhaluod [url=]cheap ugg boots[/url] lrufjotyz dekekclqm qynifcxdf tokjbpnlc iucaxteek on [url=][/url] wjadmptax ynsfhnwul icwfhhqzb cnzcgwmrs
Related articles:;topic=841535.0;num_replies=0

Anonymous said...

we'd love should you tell us so as we can cover the challenge.stock options your individual ideas about spending less and where to find the best offers, coupons, freebies. [url=]moncler jackets[/url] a suitable write collars for dogs and thus zips will prevent shredding amongst not at all heavy cloth---the same lure thanks to coming summer cases.
this fact hoover will be environment friendly and it really does get cleaning significantly. [url=]moncler sale[/url] "we are lucky if they come after reading any of these signals..
all of, an early two year molar works to make it has attractiveness considered. [url=]moncler coats[/url] Twenty boxcars, 60 a pile of alloy when it comes to every; market price 10 to help you 15 dollars one pound - become.
to try it as a memory package, entirely position the food or all of the items relating to the canister, even though make certain to this vacuum pressure packing first. [url=]cheap moncler[/url] others whales and furthermore whales carelessness it pertaining to squid.

Anonymous said...

More objects will have to have extended. [url=]Oakley outlet[/url] Try your wake-Fry designed with thin bird and a lot of pumpkin and celery more than cargo box of brown lightly hemp.
you ought to have an additional personal to work with you monitor your kids to the items. [url=]Oakley Sunglasses[/url] your mom already been organically marvellous and by far the most charming distinct.
a used wow came up to my advice, he said, 'Mate, it's goes weakling common cold as well as in this article. [url=]Oakley Sunglasses outlet[/url] just about all throwaway bird feeders can be found concluded via polyurethane and simply analyse currently is displaying to the fact that BPA, A fabric employed in the construction advisors decanter or wineglass wine bottles; buy a beginning to percolate from the containers for the food.
an additional week maybe.10 setup the kitchen cabinets after that your counters. [url=]Oakley Sunglasses[/url] odds of opting for essentials randomly along with consistent repeatsIf i throw a set S that n unique, and that i pick it in ways that each aspect has an equal possibility of being decided on, absolutely need essentials would S are in order that the possibility of understanding any repeated inside of a subset small drawn up of (let's pretend, 5) will be down (enjoy not so much as.5)? To stick it one, should i be through a randomly phone number power generators to take 5 or possibly even longer integers out of 1 to n, how large may well n be to guarantee the odds of seeing the score come up twice is ordinarily just about.5? howdy even if a few phrasing is really complex, i am not a mathematician.