Saturday, April 20, 2013

review: the republican brain - the science of why they deny science and reality


energyskeptic | I doubt many Republicans are going to read this book. They ought to. Mooney is thoughtful and insightful. Compare his evidence-based book with the Republican counterpart, Ann Coulter’s “If Democrats Had Any Brains, They’d be Republican”.  Some chapter titles:
  • Teddy Kennedy: apparently fat, drunk, and stupid is a way to go through life
  • Liberal “argument”: hissing, scratching, and hair-pulling,
  • Liberalism and other psychological disorders
  • Liberal tactics: distortion, dissembling, deception—and the rest is just run-of-the-mill treason
  • Baby-killing: Abort liberals, not children
  • Blacks: the only thing standing between the democrat party and oblivion
  • Christians: must Reproduce More
  • Communism: a new fragrance by Hillary Clinton
  • Environmentalism: Adolf Hitler was the first environmentalist
  • Evolution, Alchemy, and other “settled” scientific theories
Some good news: not everyone is equally biased.  Many of us are capable of listening to others and changing our views.  But this varies a lot from person to person, because people differ in their need to defend their point of view, in their need to have convictions that must not change, in their need to believe their group is right, and in their need for unity with their group.  If you’re wired and strongly motivated to have unwavering convictions, it will be almost impossible to change your mind with any facts, logic, or reason.  Mooney makes the case that this kind of person has a conservative mind, and is therefore likely to be a Republican.
Mooney likens someone with a strongly held opinion that’s being challenged to experiencing a physical attack, because these beliefs are physically embedded in the brain.

Which means you can’t expect to come up with undeniable, irrefutable facts and suddenly change someone’s mind, since their strongly held beliefs are literally wired into their brains.

Linguist George Lakoff, at the University of California, Berkeley, says that to think you can change someone’s beliefs with well-reasoned arguments is not only naïve, it’s also unwise and ineffective.
Reasoning is emotional, what psychologists call hot reasoning. We are not coldly rational.  Not even scientists are immune.  But what makes science the most successful way we have of testing reality is the scientific method, since peer review, experimental replication, and critiques from other scientists mean that eventually the best ideas emerge despite any individual’s biases. Within scientific circles, it’s considered admirable to give up cherished ideas when evidence shows you to be wrong.

Mooney believes this is a key difference between liberals and conservatives.  Scientists are overwhelmingly liberal — they have to be, or they won’t get far in their profession.  Please note this does not mean that their scientific discoveries are liberal or democratic.  Scientific findings aren’t political, they’re reality, and only become “political” when spun that way.  The opposite of a scientist is a religious, authoritarian, political conservative, because they tend to have a strong need to never modify their deeply held beliefs, or to ever appear to be uncertain and indecisive.

Since most of the most important problems that need to be solved require scientific literacy, which less than 10% of Americans have, here’s how Mooney says scientific news is interpreted by the other 90% of the public:

“When it comes to the dissemination of science—or contested facts in general—across a nonscientific populace, a very different process is often occurring than the scientific one.  A vast number of individuals, with widely varying motivations, are responding to the conclusions that science, allegedly, has reached.  Or so they’ve heard.

They’ve heard through a wide variety of information sources—news outlets with differing politics, friends and neighbors, political elites—and are processing the information through different brains, with very different commitments and beliefs, and different psychological needs and cognitive styles. And ironically, the fact that scientists and other experts usually employ so much nuance, and strive to disclose all remaining sources of uncertainty when they communicate their results, makes the evidence they present highly amenable to selective reading and misinterpretation.  Giving ideologues or partisans data that’s relevant to their beliefs is a lot like unleashing them in the motivated reasoning equivalent of a candy store.  In this context, rather than reaching an agreement or a consensus, you can expect different sides to polarize over the evidence and how to interpret it”.

8 comments:

Anonymous said...

It's a pity you don't have a donate button! I'd certainly donate to this superb blog! I suppose for now i'll
settle for book-marking and adding your
RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will talk about this website with my Facebook group.
Chat soon!

Also visit my site ... クロエ店舗

Anonymous said...

Things other people is doing for the swimwear and moreover those actions you will want to try and do completely different. [url=http://bikini-wholesale.webnode.com/]China bikini[/url] Howcome not a single person is writing about swimwear and therefore precisely what you should do right away. [url=http://wholesale-swimwear1.webnode.com/]sexy swimwears[/url] Compact guide aids you with the most important details of swimwear and also the thing that you want to perform this afternoon. [url=http://china-swimwears.webnode.com/]cheaper swimwear[/url] What gurus are never implying with regards to swimwear along with the way this has an effect on you. [url=http://fashion-bikinis.webnode.com/]Fashion bikini[/url] Unique summary gives the facts around swimwear that just one or two consumers know.
Ideal fix for swimwear which you could explore right away.[url=http://micro-bikini.webnode.com/]bikini wax[/url] Shorter statement uncovers the unignorable facts about swimwear as well as how it can certainly impact on anyone. [url=http://bikini-models.webnode.com/]string bikini[/url] Interesting piece of content tells the low down on the swimwear in addition to the reasons you need to take action soon. [url=http://sheer-bikini.webnode.com/]sheer bikini[/url] The basics of the swimwear that one could take full advantage of starting up today. [url=http://thong-bikini.webnode.com/]hot bikini[/url] Unprejudiced report unveils 5 brand new stuff regarding swimwear that noone is covering. [url=http://extreme-bikini.webnode.com/]extreme bikini[/url] Advanced queries about swimwear have been answered and in addition the reason why you really should try to look at each statement of this specific guide.

Anonymous said...

The reasons nobody is covering swimwear and therefore the things one ought to complete immediately. [url=http://high-waisted-swimwear.webnode.com/]women swimwear[/url] What pro's will never be speaking surrounding swimwear as well as how this has effects on you actually. [url=http://discount-swimwear.webnode.com/]discount swimwear[/url] Tips on how to find out every part there is to know regarding swimwear in eight easy steps. [url=http://modest-swimwear8.webnode.com/]designer swimwear[/url] Advanced essay tells the insight regarding swimwear in addition , the reason why you will need to take action soon. [url=http://blanca-swimwear.webnode.com/]womens swimwear[/url] The best ways to learn anything there is to find about swimwear in Seven easy steps. [url=http://girls-swimwear0.webnode.com/]girls swimwear[/url]
Whatever the leaders aren't saying around swimwear and in what ways it affects you. [url=http://string-bikini.webnode.com/]string bikini[/url] Whatever the gurus aren't going to be implying about swimwear and ways it have an effect on you. [url=http://mini-bikini.webnode.com/]thong bikini[/url] Hiya ,, astounding merchandise. People got to go look at swimwear now when it is still available for sale ! ! ! [url=http://swimwear-bikinis.webnode.com/]swimwear[/url] Most of your swimwear-rivals Does not Want You To Read These particular facts [url=http://women-bikinis.webnode.com/]bikinis[/url] Things Everyone Need To Know In Regards To The swimwear Industry [url=http://plus-size-swimwear3.webnode.com/]plus size swimwear[/url]

Anonymous said...

The particular reason why absolutely no one is raving about swimwear and therefore precisely what one ought to perform immediately. [url=http://high-waisted-swimwear.webnode.com/]freya swimwear[/url] What scientists are never explaining in regards to swimwear and how this affects you. [url=http://discount-swimwear.webnode.com/]ladies swimwear[/url] A way to comprehend nearly anything there is to learn surrounding swimwear in Seven easy ways. [url=http://modest-swimwear8.webnode.com/]women swimwear[/url] Progressive website presents you with the intel around swimwear and also the reasons why you should take action as we speak. [url=http://blanca-swimwear.webnode.com/]vintage swimwear[/url] Ways to comprehend nearly anything there is to understand about swimwear in nine very easy steps. [url=http://girls-swimwear0.webnode.com/]girls swimwear[/url]
What the pros are not telling in relation to swimwear plus the way this has impact on you. [url=http://string-bikini.webnode.com/]bikini[/url] Whatever the pro's will never be implying around swimwear and how this has effects on you. [url=http://mini-bikini.webnode.com/]mini bikini[/url] Whoa, wonderful solution. People must view swimwear right away whilst it's still in stock ! [url=http://swimwear-bikinis.webnode.com/]sheer bikini[/url] Most of your swimwear-competitors Does not Want You To View This approach [url=http://women-bikinis.webnode.com/]women swimwear[/url] What Folks Need To Know Concerning The swimwear Internet business [url=http://plus-size-swimwear3.webnode.com/]cheaper swimwear[/url]

Anonymous said...

By Far The Most Complete nike Manual You Ever Read Or Your Money Back [url=http://www.guccija.biz/]グッチ バッグ[/url] I cannot believe this, astounding product. Users gotta see adidas today when it is still in store : ) [url=http://www.guccija.biz/]グッチ 長財布[/url] gucci can help everybody by including some distinctive functions and functions. Its a unvaluable item for any follower of gucci. [url=http://www.guccija.biz/]グッチ 財布 新作[/url] Independent site brings out Four brand new things surrounding nike that no-one is speaking of. [url=http://www.chanelja.biz/]シャネル バッグ[/url] Specifically why none of us is raving about nike and because of this the actions one ought to implement right away. [url=http://www.chanelja.biz/]chanel バッグ[/url] Fresh new queries about nike replied to and consequently reasons why you really should read each and every concept of this post. [url=http://www.chanelja.biz/]chanel バッグ[/url] Techniques behind nike which you could benefit from commencing today.[url=http://www.nikeja.biz/]ナイキ[/url] Recommendations on how to discover anything there is to understand around adidas in five basic steps.

Anonymous said...

A quick guideline instructs you most of the cogs and wheels of the adidas and consequently everything you must do straight away.[url=http://www.adidasjp.asia/]adidas スニーカー[/url] Why a lot of stuff you've discovered about nike is in fact false and what you must be aware of.[url=http://www.adidasjp.asia/]アディダス ランニングシューズ[/url] The ways to comprehend all the details there is to learn surrounding adidas in nine easy ways.[url=http://www.nikejpsale.biz/]nike[/url] New nike Book Tells Tips To Rule The adidas World [url=http://www.nikejpsale.biz/nike-dunk-ダンク-c-1.html]nike dunk[/url] Short study discloses the unignorable details on adidas and also how it may cause problems for your business.[url=http://www.nikejpsale.biz/nike-force-フォース-c-2.html]nike air force 1[/url] The activities everyone else engages in when dealing with adidas and things that you might want to do completely different.[url=http://www.nikejpsale.biz/nike-jordan-ジョーデン-c-3.html]nike air jordan[/url]

Anonymous said...

I do not create many comments, however i did
some searching and wound up here "review: the republican brain - the science of why they deny science and reality".

And I actually do have some questions for you if it's allright. Could it be simply me or does it appear like some of the responses come across like left by brain dead people? :-P And, if you are writing at other places, I would like to follow everything new you have to post. Could you make a list of all of your shared pages like your twitter feed, Facebook page or linkedin profile?

Feel free to surf to my page ... シャネル アウトレット

Anonymous said...

Hello, I want to subscribe for this website to take newest updates,
thus where can i do it please help out.

Here is my web-site; http://columbiacycleworks.com/index.php?option=com_blog&view=comments&pid=86769&Itemid=0